SHANNON LUCID , Ph.D. was part of the first class of women astronauts and served on the Russian Mir space station from March to September, 1996, setting an American record (since broken) for a single mission space flight endurance.

Lucid was born in Shanghai, China on January 14, 1943 to missionary parents.  She was not in China long, and grew up on Oklahoma.  Lucid attended the University of Oklahoma and earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry from there in 1973. Prior to being chosen for the astronaut candidate training program in 1978, Lucid worked as a research associate with the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation.

She is married to Michael F. Lucid and they have two daughters and a son, and six grandchildren.  There were five other women chosen for the NASA  Astronaut Corps in 1978, but Lucid was the only one with children.

Lucid’s first space flight was on the Space Shuttle Discovery in June 1985.  Lucid is best known for her fifth flight which is the one where she broke the record for the longest time in orbit by a non-Russian and by a woman.  She was in space a total of 188 days, of which 179 days were spent on the Russian spaceship Mir.  She has spent a total of over 223 days in space.  From 2002 to 2003, Lucid served as Chief Scientist for NASA.  Starting in 2005, Lucid served as lead CAPCOM (capsule communicator) on the Planning (overnight) shift in Mission Control for at least 16 Space Shuttle missions.

Lucid retired from NASA on January 31, 2012.

Lucid was awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in December, 1996, only the 10th person, and the first woman to be bestowed that honor.  She was inducted into the Oklahoma Women’s Hall of Fame in 1993.

Also Born on January 14:

Hannah Greenebaum Solomon (1858 – 1942), established the first association of Jewish Women.

Marion Martin (1900 – 1987), elected as a Republican to the Maine House of Representatives, (1930-34), Maine Senate (1934-38), and was the first woman to head Department of Labor and Industry (1947-62).  She worked for minimum living wage, industrial safety and child labor laws.